Our body is made up of trillions of cells and tissues, most of which we can’t see physically except via the help of x-ray or scan. Most of these tissues protect us against germs and infections, one of these tissues is one we can tonsils.
At the back of our mouth, two masses of tissues know as tonsils are located on each side of the throat act as filters, trapping germs that could otherwise enter into the airways and cause infection. Another usefulness of these tonsils is that they also produce antibiotics to fight infection.
We all know that when an engine works for a long time it can get weak or knocked out, so also sometimes these tonsils themselves can become infected, overwhelmed by bacteria or viruses quite strong, they swell and become inflamed and this gives rise to a condition known as tonsillitis.
Tonsillitis is the inflammation of the tonsils most commonly caused by viral or bacterial infection.
Causes Of Tonsillitis
Tonsillitis is mostly caused by bacterial and viral infections. A common cause is Streptococcus (strep) bacteria. Other common causes include:
* a chronic congestion
* blockage of the nose
* excessive use of spices condiments, pungent and astringent food items
* repeated throat infection
* forcible and constant use of voice often at a high pitch.
Under normal circumstances, as viruses and bacteria enter the body through the nose and mouth, they are filtered in the tonsils. Within the tonsils, white blood cells of the immune system destroy the viruses or bacteria by producing inflammatory cytokines.
The infection may also be present in the throat and surrounding areas, causing inflammation of the pharynx, (an important organ in vocalisation, speech)
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Signs And Symptoms
The most common symptom of tonsillitis are inflammation and swelling of the tonsils, sometimes severe enough to block the airways. Other symptoms include:
* sore throat or tenderness
* redness of the tonsils
* loss of appetite, pain when swallowing
* ear pain
* hoarseness of voice
* painful blisters or ulcer in the mouth
* fever, chills
Lesser common symptoms include: * nausea
* stomach ache
* bad breath (halitosis)
* difficulty opening the mouth.
Nausea, vomiting and abdominal pain mostly occur in children.
Treatment Of Tonsillitis(MEDICAL)
Pain relief drugs can be administered to cut the discomfort from the tonsillitis e.g paracetamol or ibuprofen. Another easy and fast remedy to relief the sore throat associated with it is warm salt water gaggle (pouring a level teaspoon of salt in warm water and gaggle or dissolved aspirin gargle (aspirin is an anti inflammatory drug) and warm/hot liquid.
However chronic causes of Tonsillitis may be treated with surgery known as tonsillectomy (surgical removal of the tonsils). Usually a complete recovery is made within on week if severe.
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* Drinking plenty of fluid such as fruit and vegetable juice can help relief pain.
* Hydrate yourself
* avoid acidic drinks (soft drinks), spicy foods and soar substances as it may irritate the throat, fried foods should also be avoided.
* avoid cold drinks, hard and crunchy food items, strong coffee, tea and alcohol.
Other Management include :
* Use of lime :lime is one of the most popular natural remedies for tonsillitis; mix fresh lime juice in warm water with honey and salt and sip on this combination for pain relief from swollen tonsils.
Also switching to fluid diet for a few days help, ideally a fruit juice for 3-5 days can help boast immunity and fight off any infection.
Only orange juice and water is better until the painful symptoms subside after which other fruit juice can be consumed.
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Ebunoluwa Adeoye is a dietician by profession. She loves to counsel people on their health. Her passion is to encourage others to live a healthy lifestyle. She also enjoys reading articles related to health, fitness and children. She can be reached on Facebook and instagram